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The term filibuster is somewhat uncertain, they can be considered as small-scale pirates with an area of ​​action restricted to the shores of the Caribbean Sea where they attacked populations and ships of the same size.

“The expedition to Panama has never been overcome […] only the cruelty and rapacity of the victors, buccaneers and filibusters stained their brightness, troop recruited without pay, of little discipline and uncontrolled, but stimulated in their atrocities by Morgan himself”

Their boats were small as 44ft. The buccaneers also called themselves filibusters, possibly because of the type of vessel used by English-speaking Fly-boats that were light and low-draft boats.

Some renowned Filibuster are:


Edward Mansvelt, (fl. 1659-1666) Dutch corsair and buccaneer who, at one time, was acknowledged as an informal chieftain of the "Brethren of the Coast". He was the first to organise large scale raids against Spanish settlements, tactics which would be utilised to attack Spanish strongholds by later buccaneers in future years, and held considerable influence in Tortuga and Port Royal. He was widely considered one of the finest buccaneers of his day and, following his death, his position was assumed by his protégé and vice-admiral, Henry Morgan .


Henry Every (20 August 1659 – after 1696), sometimes erroneously given as Jack Avery or John Avery, was an English pirate who operated in the Atlantic and Indian oceans in the mid-1690s. He probably used several aliases throughout his career, including Benjamin Bridgeman, and was known as Long Ben to his crewmen and associates .


Christopher Myngs, Vice Admiral Sir Christopher Myngs (sometimes spelled Mings, 1625–1666) was an English naval officer and privateer. He came of a Norfolk family and was a relative of Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell. Samuel Pepys' story of Myngs' humble birth, in explanation of his popularity, is likely to be erroneous .


Bartholomew Roberts (17 May 1682 – 10 February 1722), born John Roberts, was a Welsh pirate who raided ships off the Americas and West Africa between 1719 and 1722. He was the most successful pirate of the Golden Age of Piracy as measured by vessels captured, taking over 400 prizes in his career. He is also known as Black Bart (Welsh: Barti Ddu), but this name was never used in his lifetime .



A privateer, like the corsairs, was a pirate with papers. As its name indicates, the privateer were privately financed individuals to carry out piracy. These pirates sailed on privately owned armed ships, robbing merchant ships and looting settlements belonging to a supposedly rival country of the financier's nationality. The most famous of all corsairs or privateers is the Englishman Francis Drake, who made a fortune pillaging Spanish settlements in the Americas after Elizabeth I granted him a privateer's commission in 1572.

The use of privateer allowed states to project sea power beyond the capabilities of their regular navies, but there were trade-offs. Because privateering was generally a more lucrative occupation than military service, it tended to divert manpower and resources from regular navies.

Private management could be a shady business, and this explains some of the lexical overlap with the word pirate. Privateers sometimes went beyond their commissions, attacking vessels that did not belong to the target country. This extracurricular raiding and looting was not distinguished from piracy as defined above. At other times, outlaw pirates operated with the tacit encouragement of a government but without the privateers' written legal authorization. In historical settings where these practices were common, the line between privateer and pirate was blurred.


Privateer Ship

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